Water quality legislation in Palestine over the past century
1 Environmental Research Lab, Faculty of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, Beit Hanina, Jerusalem, 20002, Palestine
2 Technical and Applied Research Centre, Palestine Technical University, Tulkarm, 7, Palestine
Environmental Sciences Europe 2012, 24:15 doi:10.1186/2190-4715-24-15Published: 27 April 2012
This paper deals with the water quality legislation that has been enforced in Palestine over the past century, from the Ottoman era through the British Mandate and Jordanian reign, to the Israeli occupation and current Palestinian autonomy.
The study reveals that, due to the instability and the short interrupted spans of these regimes, apart from the Ottoman era, the successive ruling administrations were unable to draft water legislation in the interest of the Palestinian population, though the more stable Jordanian rule is an exception to this. Moreover, the study shows that the subject of the enacted legislations has depended on the circumstances that the population is subjected to or simply as reaction that deals instantly with a certain problem without taking into account any planning or future socioeconomic development. However, major concerns over the quality of accessible water gained momentum with an ever-increasing demand for limited water resources and the need for water treatment.
Investments in legislation and its enforcement will lead to significant economic development and public health and environmental quality enhancement through equitable and reasonable management of shared water resources and community empowerment and awareness.